I Shouldn’t Have to Tell You This Is Racist

I am an active member of my homeowners’ association. I am also African-American. While meeting at the home of the president of the association, I noticed that she had a row of African-American iconography lined up in her kitchen: a collection of ceramic “Mammy” jars. They made me uncomfortable. Do I have an obligation to say something about them? Maybe suggest that she hide away her trove of racist caricatures? Or should I follow a philosophy of “her home, her décor” and never go back? (In the past, this woman referred to my son as “one of the good ones.”)

FABY

You probably know better than I, Faby, that if you took up every act of racism you encountered, you would be too busy to do anything else — like have a job or any close relationships. It’s up to you which incidents you confront and which you let be. So no, you are not obligated to catch this woman up on hundreds of years of American history and explain to her why those tchotchkes are offensive.

But if you enjoy being active in your homeowners’ association (or if you have benefited by participating in it), I encourage you to speak up rather than stay away. These are business meetings, not social calls. Say to the president: “You know, those jars are racist stereotypes and perpetuate the idea of black women as servants to white people. I’d rather not see them at our official meetings.”

That should do the trick. But if the president argues that the jars are harmless or merely kitsch, send her a link to the Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia at Ferris State University. Our country has produced — and continues to make — troves of racist objects. Her collectibles are no exception.

Too Close

My mother-in-law and her boyfriend purchased a home in our small neighborhood, despite our stated objections. We are socially active with our neighbors, and my mother-in-law told us that they intend to be, too. I anticipate lots of well-intentioned questions about their arrival. Is there a polite way to say that their move was made against our wishes? Pretending to be happy about it compounds my irritation and makes me feel disingenuous.

ANONYMOUS

I totally get your annoyance. But fortunately, you will not be testifying in front of Robert Mueller (or otherwise under oath) when you answer your neighbors’ questions about your in-laws. Better to be opaque than poison the well against family members in advance. (I might feel differently if your neighbors were close friends.)

Say, “We’ll see how it goes.” And try to mean it. Your mother-in-law and her boyfriend seem unconcerned with honoring boundaries. On the other hand, who are you to prevent them from buying their dream home? Now that the moving vans are pulling up, focus on creating respectful barriers between your households. (Visits by appointment only!) And if you’re going to say anything about your new neighbors to the old ones, aim for optimism.

Divided by Dogs

We’ve had two good friends move within a four-hour radius of our house. We were thrilled about it and looked forward to having them over for weekend visits. When we invited our first friend, he asked if he could bring his dog. We said no. He declined our invitation. The same thing happened with our second friend. She cited the expense of a dog sitter, even though she does very well financially. Is there a way to encourage our friends to visit without their dogs?

LISA

You mean, like bullying them into it? No. These interactions went exactly as they should have. You kindly invited your pals to visit. They proposed a wrinkle in your arrangements. You refused (perhaps because of allergies, dislike of dogs or not wanting a pet for the weekend), and so were your invitations.

You had every right to behave as you did, and so did your friends. But I have noticed a trend: As digital contact outpaces face-to-face encounters for many of us, our pets can become an important physical presence in our lives. We like to be around something with a heartbeat! Don’t try to persuade your friends to cave. Suggest lunch at a midpoint between you. Perhaps your reunions will blossom from there?

Thanks?

Six months ago, my husband and I attended the wedding of the son of old friends. We have known the groom since he was a baby. As a gift, we gave the couple a generous check. We have not received a thank-you note. Would it be O.K. if I mention this to his parents? If this were my child, I would want to know.

ANONYMOUS

Assuming the groom is older than 14, I’d suggest contacting the bridal couple directly if you are worried that the check was lost in the wedding shuffle or cashed by some scurrilous third party. But calling an adult’s parents to rat him out is about as inappropriate as his not thanking you for your gift. If the couple’s behavior offends you, skip their anniversary party.

For help with your awkward situation, send a question to [email protected], to Philip Galanes on Facebook or @SocialQPhilip on Twitter.

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10 New Ways to Wear Denim This Season

We've all been there: staring into the depths of your closet, thinking to yourself, "I have nothing to wear." Lucky for you, this season is all about a fabric you most certainly already have in spades: denim. Yep, come spring, a pair of jeans is all you need to look like you just stepped off a runway. The trick? Mix up how you wear it—and make sure the pieces you're wearing has a little extra oomph. The jean jacket gets updated with a shearling collar, a matching set is done loose and boxy, a cocktail dress made casual to go from day-to-night. If you can wear it, do it in denim. Here, 10 new ways to wear the fabric this season.

Gucci denim jacket and tie-neck shirt.

Giorgio Armani denim dress. Emporio Armani earrings; Chanel belt; Pamela Mann tights; Stuart Weitzman shoes.

Balenciaga shirt and denim skirt; Pamela Mann tights.

Miu Miu sheer shirt, denim top, skirt, necklace, and bracelets.

Sacai denim top and pants; Dior Fine Jewelry earrings and ring; Dents gloves; Jimmy Choo shoes.

Dior bodysuit and jeans; Miu Miu headband; Jimmy Choo shoes.

Missoni shirt and jeans; Miu Miu headband; Tabitha Simmons shoes.

Michael Kors Collection denim jacket and sleeveless hoodie; Redux Grunge Collection 1993/2018 Marc Jacobs necklace. Beauty note: Support the party line. Giorgio Armani Eyes to Kill Lacquered Liquid Eyeliner glides on in a seamless, melt-proof stroke, with a formula that doubles down on high-intensity pigment.

Gucci denim jacket, tie-neck shirt, jeans, bag (strap worn as belt), and shoes.

Chanel shirt, denim pants, earrings, and bracelets.

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Christy Turlington Just Walked the Runway For The First Time Since the '90s

We’ve been graced with supermodel runway appearances from Naomi, Kate, Cindy, Carla, and Claudia in the last couple years, but one super who’s notably remained off the runway? Christy Turlington Burns.

All of that changed tonight when the legendary model came out of runway retirement to close the show at Marc Jacobs. The appearance marked her first on the catwalk in over 20 years, with her last walk taking place back in the 1990s. For her grand return, Christy hit the runway in a black feather cocktail dress with a matching fascinator and black leather boots.

Just one month after turning 50 years old, the supermodel looked as stunning as ever in the show. The last time she walked a runway for Marc Jacobs was back in 1993, when she modeled his famous grunge collection for Perry Ellis. Her look tonight, however, was anything but grunge.

On Instagram, the supermodel explained why she returned to the runway after all these years. “I turned 50 this year and have arrived at a place where ‘Why the F not’ is the answer that comes up when I ask myself questions,” she wrote.

But her 15-year-old daughter, Grace Burns, also played a part in the decision. “I have a 15 year old daughter who I desperately want to see and hear me and this is a medium that ‘speaks’ to her,” Turlington explained before crediting today’s generation of models for inspiring her daughter. “So, thank you’s are in order, @karliekloss @gigihadid and @kaiagerber and all the lovely young women I have met briefly in the recent past or met tonight. You are ALL women I would want my daughter to emulate in your grace, confidence and elegance.”

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About tonight! OMG @themarcjacobs invited me to close his beautiful show tonight and I couldn’t resist. A. I have known and loved this man since I met him at age 16. B. I turned 50 this year and have arrived at a place where “Why the F not” is the answer that comes up when I ask myself questions. C. I have a 15 year old daughter who I desperately want to see and hear me and this is a medium that “speaks”to her. So, thank you’s are in order, @karliekloss @gigihadid and @kaiagerber and all the lovely young women I have met briefly in the recent past or met tonight. You are ALL women I would want my daughter to emulate in your grace, confidence and elegance. Always reassuring to have @guidopalau @diane.kendal @stephenjonesmillinery and @kegrand encouraging you on and making you look and feel your best. And while that muscle did not hurt as much as I would have thought to exercise again, after 20 plus years, I am not certain I could beat the experience of tonight or wish to try! Now I can say exactly when and for whom I last walked a runway and feel so proud of all the forces of nature who made it possible! 😘@1.800.newbold & Congratulations for all of the amazing people who put shows like this together. I am in awe of the efforts I was able to witness firsthand and truly appreciate from a new perspective over the last couple of days all the effort that goes in. Bravo!

A post shared by Christy Turlington Burns (@cturlington) on

As for whether her daughter will follow in her modeling footsteps? Christy

Turlington Burns wasn’t the only notable name to walk Marc Jacobs’ Fall 2019 show though. Karlie Kloss and Lindsey Wixson, both of whose runway cameos are rare these days, hit the catwalk along with Kaia Gerber and Gigi Hadid.

Leave it to Marc to close out New York Fashion Week with a truly epic casting.

Watch the full Marc Jacobs Fall 2019 runway show below:

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The Rich Kids of Instagram brag about their VERY extravagant Valentine’s Day presents… with hundreds of roses, new cars and a cheeky McDonald's meal

From hundreds of red roses to romantic balloon displays and even brand new super cars, these public displays of affection could have you crying into your carnations.



In one photo, a blonde girls lounges on her bed surrounded by a huge collection of red heart balloons, saying "I love you".

She's been lavished with three boxes of pink and red roses, a bottle of Champagne, as well as presents from Louis Vuitton, Chanel and Agent Provocateur.

In another shot, a girl poses by her brand new BMW – which is wrapped in a red bow and filled with heart balloons.


And another girl's bucked all the romantic rules by munching on a Big Mac and a bottle of Coca Cola with her partner.

She captioned her pic: "My chef is better than yours. Happy Valentines day!"

But she's also surrounded by romantic teddy bears, balloons and a 'kiss' bell – so she can summon her love whenever she needs them.

Another lucky lass was given a brand new pink Range Rover for Valentine's Day, before her fella got down on one knee to pop the question.

A dramatic firework display finished off what's arguably the most OTT V-day ever.







Other loved-up couples have whisked each other away to Venice, to munch on a breakfast of croissants and bubbly overlooking St Mark's Square.

And two best pals have treated themselves to the ultimate Galentine's Day – with pink balloons, roses, mugs of tea and chocolate coated strawberries.

If you thought this lot were bad, check out how these celebs are spending V-day.

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Teen left ‘looking like a monster’ after suffering reaction to black hair dye now colours her locks with COFFEE

Horrifying photos show how Georgina Paraskeva's face ballooned to double its size after reportedly dying her hair using the Clairol Nice ‘n’ Easy product last November.

The 18-year-old said she was temporarily blinded for two days and believes she’s lucky to be alive after suffering a severe allergic reaction to paraphenylenediamine (PPD) – a chemical commonly found in dark hair dyes.

The online jewellery store owner is now speaking out about her terrifying experience to ensure other people know of the potential risks and are aware of alternatives.

Georgina, from Bristol, said: “It was honestly the most horrific experience of my life.

“Looking back at the pictures now is just horrible, my head doubled in size and I looked like a monster."

She continued: “It felt horrible and made me feel like I had zero confidence. I hated going out and felt really self-conscious and like people were staring at me.I made the conscious decision to stay inside as I hated going outside and feeling like people were looking at me, it was awful.”

Georgina was refreshing her hair colour using the Clairol black hair dye on November 18 – a product she’d previously used with no problem – and claims her face and scalp suffered no adverse reaction.

However the following evening during a romantic meal with partner Josh Cox, 21, she said her head began to feel really hot and itchy.

Over the next two days her face slowly started to balloon so panicked Georgina rang 111 where an operator advised taking an antihistamine to combat the swelling.


After visiting her GP the following day and receiving cream to soothe her scorched and blistered skin her face continued to swell so much so her eyelids closed over leaving her unable to see.

Georgina’s desperate mum June Kellett, 54, rang for an ambulance on the Friday and she was rushed to Southmead Hospital where she was hooked up to a drip.

Georgina said: “My whole family use Nice ‘n’ Easy and I’ve used it a few times before with no problems.

“That evening my head was absolutely fine but it was when I went out in the evening the following day my whole head was hot and seriously itchy.

“I had blisters on my scalp and the skin on my hairline was really crispy.

“Later that week the swelling got worse and when my eyes started to swell up and I couldn’t open them, that’s when I felt really panicked.

“When I went to the hospital it felt like I had glass in my eyes and I went full-on blind.

“I couldn’t see a thing for two days, it was horrible.”

After being discharged from hospital with an antihistamine and steroid prescription, Georgina had to be cared for by her mum and partner as her vision was still affected for a few days.

Three months on Georgina now avoids chemical hair dyes and uses coffee granules to tint her brunette locks.

Georgina said: “I’ve started using natural remedies on my hair now and use coffee granules to colour it, it works really well.

“I want people to be aware that things like this can and do actually happen.

“A lot of people don’t realise what’s in hair dye and that it can be really dangerous, I’m really lucky and super grateful that it didn't escalate.

What caused Georgina's reaction?

Georgina was affected by paraphenylenediamine (PPD) which is found in 90 per cent of hair dyes, and is widely considered to be safe.

But for some, paraphenylenediamine can cause serious reactions.

It is the prime cause of allergic reaction to hair dye and is needed for most shades of permanent colour, especially dark shades.

According to the NHS, hair dyes containing PPD are safe to use, providing safety instructions are followed.

There is a strict limit on PPD concentration at a maximum of two per cent and the chemical is banned in other cosmetics.

The chemical, abbreviated to PPD, is also used in high concentrations in the popular black henna tattoos.

“Since this happened I’ve read up on it and I could have permanently lost my eyesight and it’s scary to see that people have died from it.

“I’m also a lot more cautious about the things I use on my skin and I just make sure I read everything and make sure it contains natural ingredients.”

A Clairol spokesperson said: “The safety of the people who use our products is our first and most important priority, so we were very concerned to hear about Ms Paraskeva’s experience with Nice ‘n’ Easy No Ammonia when we were first made aware of the incident last November.

“Unfortunately we were unable to get in touch with Ms Paraskeva at the time.

“Allergic reactions are very rare and hair colourants are extensively researched to ensure they are safe when used as directed and it is imperative patch tests are conducted at least 48 hours before each colouring occasion.

“Details of how to perform this test are included with each of our products to help minimise risk to consumers.

“We remain happy to discuss the matter with Ms Paraskeva should she wish to contact us on our customer helpline.”

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A woman was left with severely swollen face after suffering allergic reaction to hair dye.

Meanwhile, a mum who tried to dye her hair ‘unicorn’ colours is now BALD after £5 bleach left her with severe scalp burns.

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Who was Saint Valentine, why's the day of love named after him and where is he buried?

But have you ever wondered how the celebration originally came about? We all know there was a Saint Valentine – but who exactly was he?

Who was Saint Valentine?

The details when it comes to Saint Valentine are sketchy. Some say he was a priest from Rome who lived in the third century AD.

The story goes that Emperor Claudius II had banned marriages, believing married men made bad soldiers.

Saint Valentine is thought to have felt this was an unfair notion and arranged marriages in secret, and when Claudius found out, Valentine was thrown in jail and given a death sentence.

In prison, he fell in love with the jailer's daughter and when he was taken to be killed on February 14 he sent her a love letter signed "from your Valentine".

Why is Valentine’s Day named after Saint Valentine?

The holiday's roots are in the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, a fertility celebration commemorated annually on February 15.

The festival also officially marked the start of their springtime.

It's thought that as part of the celebrations, boys would draw the names of girls from a box, and from then, they’d be partnered during the festival and sometimes go on to get married.

Pope Gelasius I then recast this pagan festival as a Christian feast day around the year 496, declaring February 14 to be Saint Valentine's Day.

Saint Valentine’s name has since been used by people to express feelings of love.

Why is Saint Valentine's skull kept in Rome?

Yes, you read that right, and this all took a turn for the sinister very quickly…

Dressed in a coronet made from flowers and with a stencilled inscription, Saint Valentine's skull now resides in the Chiesa di Santa Maria in Cosmedin, on Rome’s Piazza Bocca della Verità.

The skull was discovered when a catacomb near Rome was being excavated in the early 1800s.

Where is Saint Valentine buried?

Even though the skull has been in Rome for centuries, Saint Valentine's body wasn't actually buried in one piece.

After digging up his remains, parts of the patron were distributed around the world.

His bones are displayed or buried and memorialised in Czech Republic, Spain, Ireland, Scotland, England, and France.

Why is Saint Valentine also the patron saint of epilepsy?

Even though there have been many medical advances in the treatment of epilepsy, Saint Valentine is still considered to be the patron saint of the common condition.

In ancient Christian tradition, religious figures can be prayed to in order to relieve the symptoms of illnesses.

It's believed that Saint Valentine was selected as the patron of epilepsy because his name is similar to the German word for "fallen".

It was once known as the "falling sickness" because sufferers could tumble to the ground while experiencing a fit.

Others believe that he was made a patron because of a legend concerning a bishop named Valentine von Terni.

According to the story, the religious man saved the son of a Roman orator from an epileptic seizure.

Why do we give gifts of Valentine's Day?

It was almost two hundred years ago when young lovers began giving gifts on the day as an expression of their affections.

At the time the presents were offered to the women from the men with hand letter love-letters ranking highly in the list of offerings of the day.

These days things have evolved, with both men and women shelling out on chocolates, flowers, cards, and gifts for the object of their affections.

Valentine's Day is here and you don't want to be in the doghouse for forgetting to treat your partner on this year's day for lovers – or getting them one of these nightmare gifts.

But if you're concerned about splashing out, you can always check out The Sun Online's Valentine's gift guide all for under £20 but for lower budgets, the Poundland range of goodies are just a quid each.

Cards are also on offer, and this year, Paperchase has already caused outrage with their outrageously rude range of Valentine's cards.

You can bring a touch of romance to your house this Valentine's Day with a whole selection of heart-themed homewares.

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The New Minimalism: How to Marie Kondo Your Wardrobe

In “Tidying Up With Marie Kondo,” the new Netflix show, the organizational wizard and best-selling author spends much of her time imploring clients (victims?) to streamline their lives and keep only those possessions that “spark joy.”

The ethos has surely struck a chord, and one might even suggest that KonMari minimalism has had an impact on the rare birds that show up at New York Fashion Week, that celebration of excess, now underway.

You need only look at recent street-style photos to see how much has changed. A few years ago they were dominated by over-the-top beings like Anna Dello Russo. Today editors and influencers are more likely to be snapped in zippered boiler suits or classic coats that will last for years to come.

So where does that leave the fashion lover — or, for that matter, the fashion industry? In the midst of such a cultural shift, these three labels are rethinking the traditional retail model, with tightly edited collections that cater to a thoughtful new consumer. Prepare for joy to spark.

Nili Lotan’s New Collection: Back to the Beginning

In many ways, Nili Lotan’s N.L. Issue 2608899 collection, a six-piece capsule set to debut Feb. 21, is a return to her roots. The designer introduced her much loved label in 2003 with just five styles (including her cult favorite French military pants), and while much has changed over 15 years (including a more diverse offering and an ever-expanding celebrity fan base), Ms. Lotan has remained true to her pared-down aesthetic.

“The idea behind this new collection is coming back to what I began with, imagining what if I had just stayed with my original intention of serving a woman during her casual time,” she said. To that end, the N.L. Issue includes staples like her military pants and cami dress as well as new additions like a hoodie and sweatpants that will be restocked year-round.

“It’s not just about spending money and care on your occasion dresses, but on the clothes you are wearing when you pick up the kids,” Ms. Lotan said. As for the Kondo effect, she said: “She speaks my language. I am a minimalist, but it’s beyond minimalism. It’s really appreciating what you have, and giving respect to what you have.”

Even if it’s just the cotton shirt you throw on to run errands in.

Nili Lotan N.L. Issue 2608899 cotton trench coat, $795; cotton hoodie, $275; silk charmeuse cami dress, $545; at Nili Lotan; nililotan.com.

Find Your True North

Fashion today sometimes feels like a choose-your-own adventure. And while that’s fun, it can be difficult to find the plot. Norte, a new line from the Spanish designer Inés Vieira, aims to give you a little direction. The name translates as “north,” a reference to the Spanish idiom meaning “losing the north,” or acting in an erratic or misguided manner.

The finely honed collection, made up of 13 pieces, provides the building blocks for a grounded wardrobe. Each item is sustainably produced to be versatile (many can be worn more than one way) without being boring.

Highlights include a reversible wrap top and matching skirt, and a top with tortoise buttons. Though the pieces are understated, they are already a hit on Instagram, proof that sometimes the simplest things make the best photos.

Norte linen top, $125, and skirt, $145; cupro-viscose top that can be worn with V-neck in front or back, $140; linen jacket, $140; at nortewomen.com.

Cashmere for All

Hardly anything is more synonymous with luxury than the word “cashmere.” But while the knit’s supersoft appeal hasn’t changed, the definition of luxury certainly has: As the Kondo popularity attests, luxury now is more likely to be defined as a surplus of time and well-being rather than a bunch of fancy objects (which may very well cost you your time and well-being!).

Naadam, a line specializing in cashmere basics, delivers on all fronts: hand-combed, cruelty-free, ethically-sourced Mongolian cashmere in sophisticated shapes (many of them unisex), all at a price you can feel good about (most sweaters are under $200). In other words: It’s well worth the space in your closet, even if it means getting rid of less joy-sparking duds.

Naadam cashmere hoodie, $150, and sweatpants, $150; ribbed wool crew neck, $150; crew-neck pullover, $75; at naadam.co.

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Listen: André Holland Reads ‘My Wife Said You May Want to Marry Me’

Last week, the Modern Love podcast featured “You May Want to Marry My Husband,” a moving essay written by Amy Krouse Rosenthal shortly before she died of ovarian cancer.

This week, the Modern Love podcast presents “My Wife Said You May Want to Marry Me,” an essay written by Ms. Rosenthal’s husband, Jason B. Rosenthal, a little over a year after her death.

Mr. Rosenthal’s essay is read by André Holland, who has appeared in “Moonlight” and “American Horror Story.” He stars in Steven Soderbergh’s new film, “High Flying Bird.” Stay tuned after the reading to hear more from him, Mr. Rosenthal and the Modern Love editor Daniel Jones.

To read past Modern Love columns, click here. Continue following our fashion and lifestyle coverage on Facebook (Styles and Modern Love), Twitter (Styles, Fashion and Weddings) and Instagram.

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Susan Lucci on Her Recent Runway Fall: 'I Twirled Myself Right Off My Feet in Excitement'

You can’t keep a good woman down!

Susan Lucci opened up about the exhilarating emotion that caused her to fall onto her backside at the American Heart Association Runway on Feb. 7 at New York Fashion Week‘s annual Go Red For Women Red Dress fashion show.

“I was asked to twirl and the dress lent itself to twirling but unfortunately I twirled myself right off my feet in my excitement,” Lucci told PEOPLE exclusively at the Woman’s Day 16th Red Dress Awards on Tuesday night at the Lincoln Center in N.Y.C.

What was the 72-year-old thinking last week as she fell while modeling a Rubin Singer ballgown at the event? “I felt ridiculous and all that went through my mind is you have to get up now, get up!” Lucci said.

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The actress gracefully handled the tumble this past Thursday night by laughing before returning to her feet and walking down the rest of her catwalk.

The resilient national volunteer told PEOPLE that the runway snafu will not prevent her from future catwalk spins because she’s mastered the technique. “I’ve learned that when you twirl, you still have to walk backwards to be careful not to catch your heel on the back of your hem as you’re walking the other way,” Lucci said.

The 41-year veteran of All My Children is using her voice to raise awareness as a spokesperson for the American Heart Association’s Go Red For Women campaign.  Following her emergency heart surgery in October, the legendary soap opera star revealed two stents were inserted into her arteries to increase blood flow back to her heart.

“I’m not a nurse or anyone who can help in any real way,” she told PEOPLE, fighting back tears. “This is the way I can help. I can tell my story. Everyone’s symptoms are different but I felt compelled to share mine. Even if it’s one person I help. That is someone’s life.”

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The 100-Year-Old German Art School That’s Still Influencing the Fashion World

Even if you don’t immediately recognize the name Bauhaus—the German art school known for its use of geometric shapes and graphic, clean lines—you’ve definitely seen its hallmarks.

Marcel Breuer’s famous Wassily Chair, first designed in 1925 and copied ever since, is still available for purchase. Piet Mondrian’s paintings hang in modern art museums around the world, including both The Met and MoMA.

Throughout the ‘60s until this very day, designers on runways from New York to Milan continuously return to the stark, striking, technicolor prints and geometric shapes that have been a Bauhaus trademark since the movement began 100 years ago. This is especially true of Prada.

The Italian fashion house’s new Ouverture bag styles embody the Bauhaus spirit. Each is defined by contrasts through three covetable colorways: all-black with a shock of white trim or black and tan are the options for leather; and a tan and deep brown style is what’s available in suede.

They are structured and sleek, comfortable and capacious, and 100% made in Italy. And like many of Bauhaus’ inspired objects, both architectural and functional. Available in different sizes (“maxi”, “midi”, and “mignon”), they feature shoulder straps, double handles, tapes, and hyper-thin straps that can be worn as a hand, arm, shoulder, or cross-body bag. They work for any occasion and any outfit—take them to work or to brunch; carry one every day or bring it on vacation.

Prada has long been intertwined with the art world, often collaborating with artists and borrowing elements from different movements as inspiration for its collections. In fact, the Ouverture bags aren’t the brand’s first Bauhaus-style pieces. The 2014 spring collection referenced the same principles—and had everyone clamoring for color-blocked coats and dresses the second they were sent down the runway .

Other iconic examples over the years have come from all corners of the fashion world. In 1965, Yves Saint Laurent debuted a collection of six dresses paying tribute to the designs of Mondrian. 1950s and 1960s Pucci is synonymous with mod, geometric color-blocking. The Hungarian Bauhaus painter László Moholy-Nagy has directly inspired designers such as Rei Kawakubo and André Courrèges. And London designer Mary Katrantzou’s winter 2018 collection included prints that paid homage to a series of posters from the 1923 Bauhaus Exhibition in Weimar, Germany.

It was at that exhibition that Walter Gropius, founder of the school, established the Bauhaus movement’s simple yet revolutionary concept for the time: combining fine art (like painting and sculpture) with applied art (like furniture design or industrial design).

After the horrors of World War I, Germany’s artists and designers were faced with a conundrum: how to create a new aesthetic that stripped away the excesses of the past, and provided a sense of tidiness, order, and meaning in a rapidly evolving world.

Bauhaus aimed to provide a sense of tidiness, order, and meaning in a rapidly evolving world.

Throughout the 20s, the main principles emerged. The languid, organic, and decorative style of turn-of-the-century Art Nouveau was replaced with bold shapes and strong color-blocking. The aesthetic of the Arts and Crafts movement, which were rooted in nature and folk styles, were swapped for simplicity and geometric purity.

In Bauhaus Stairway (above), painter Oskar Schlemmer focuses on the modular shapes of the human form; László Moholy-Nagy rejected human figures altogether in favor of striking abstractions. Even objects for the home were reduced to their most functional forms: Marianne Brandt’s tea service, created in the mid-1920s, is composed solely of its most essential shapes.

100 years down, it seems unlikely the Bauhaus influence will subside anytime soon.

When political turbulence swept through Germany in 1933, the school—then located in Berlin—closed. As its leaders fled Nazi Germany, the Bauhaus influence was scattered to cities around the world. From Chicago to Tel Aviv, the Bauhaus influence would trickle down throughout the twentieth and twenty-first century in unexpected places.

100 years down, it seems unlikely the Bauhaus influence will subside anytime soon.

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